Music and Dance

What Medieval setting would be complete without at least background music? Music and dance have been entertainment, cures for ailments, a competitive skill and an essential part of many lives. The following links will cover composers, dances, sheet music, instruments and some general information related to music and dance in the middle ages.


Earliest References to Music Therapy

Music as Therapy in Early History

Music for healing: from magic to medicine

‘Farewell! It hurts’ | ‘Ade mit layd’

To the tune “the Fisherman is Proud” | 漁家傲

‘My heart has made a pact with love’ | ‘Mein hertz hat sich mit lieb verpflicht’

Gelück mir trost und hoffnug geit | Fortune grants me comfort and hope

‘Help, our lady of Aachen!’ | ‘Hilf fraw von Ach’

Islamic Spain – Music

Lords and Ladies – Middle Ages Music

Overview of Medieval Music

Medieval Music Timeline

Hildegard of Bingen

The Differences Between Schools Ars Antiqua and Ars Nova

Guillaume de Machaut (c.1300-1377) includes links to his works.


Adam de la Halle

HOASM – Guillaume de Machaut

All Music – Guillaume de Machaut

The Music of Guillaume de Machaut

Secular Music During the Middle Ages

Francesco Landini (c.1325-1397): Works List & Discography

All Music – Francesco Landini

Codex Reina

Composer Biography: Francesco Landini (c1325-1397)

New World Encyclopedia – Francesco Landini

Digital Image Archive of Medieval Music Faculty of Music, University of Oxford – Medieval Music Unit 5

Francesco Landini and the Florentine cultural élite Cambridge University Press

Composer Biography: Adam de la Halle (c1237-c1288)

Classical Archives – Adam de la Halle

All Music – Adam de la Halle

Music for the Eyes – Squarcialupi Codex

The Squarcialupi Codex (15th Century)

Squarcialupi Codex – Manuscript description

The Squarcialupi Codex & Francesco Landini

Composer Biography: Lorenzo da Firenze (d 1372/1373 before 1385) – Medieval Music & Arts Foundation

History of Music Theory music Theory from Antiquity to modern age

Early Music Composers includes links to information about each composer

Acadia Early Music Archive scores etc

Arenaï Ensemble Database scores etc

The Cantigas de Santa Maria includes a related link for singers

Choral Public Domain Library

Chinese Music and Instruments

History of Chinese Music

Music and Art of China

Stanford – Numbered Musical Notations

One to Ten in Tangut and Flute

Listen to the Oldest Song in the World: A Sumerian Hymn Written 3,400 Years Ago

Ancient Chinese Music Score


Delphi and the Homeric Hymn to Apollo

Hymn 3 to Apollo translation

The Homeric Hymn to Apollo translation

Ancient Music Notation Carved in Marble image is near the bottom of the page

History of Music Theory – Greek Notation

History of Dance and Music in India

Music and Dance in Ancient India

Ancient India Music


Svirel, Ancient Russian Pipe

Music History 102

Primephonic – medieval

Medieval Life and Times – Music

Medieval music: a quick guide to the middle ages




Medieval Life and Times – Medieval Dance

Medieval Chronicles – Medieval Dance

Dance in the Middle Ages

How Did Medieval People Dance?

Early Dance Circle information and a link to learn some dances

Nonsuch Dance Historical dancers and teachers

Ancient Egyptian Dance

Dance and Dancers in Ancient Egypt

Dancing in Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt – Music and Dance

Medieval Dancing For Village Idiots From Atlatia Kingdom SCA, dances and steps often used at SCA events

3 Must Know Facts About Chinese Dance

Chinese Dance with links to source information

Chinese Folk Dances

The Origin and Evolution of Chinese Dance

Traditional Russian Folk Dance A more modern interpretation of dances that span back to medieval period

Traditions of Russian Folk Dance

8 facts about the khorovod, Russia’s oldest dance

Cossack, Russian & Slavic dances 15th – 20th Centuries – RUSSIAN DANCE

Slavic Folk Dances: One Link To Connect All Slavs

A Dance Around the Sun

Japan – A History of Traditional Dance Music

Japanese Dance History

The Many Types of Traditional Music and Dance Celebrated in Japan!

Dance in Japan

History of Japanese Dance

Middle Ages for Kids – Music and Dance


Is there something more you’d like to know? Is there a culture you’d like me to focus on more in depth? Let me know in the comments.











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